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Frequency Plans

Cellular (IS-95A)

CDMA cellular service is intended to share the existing AMPS spectral allocation, shown below.

Consecutive AMPS channels are spaced by 30 kHz. CDMA stations are permitted to operate on any AMPS channel, except for guard bands at the edges of the allocations. CDMA stations, of course, would normally be assigned channel at least 1.25 MHz apart (about 42 channels). The mobile station transmit frequency is always 45 MHz lower than the base station transmit frequency.

Both A and B operators have 12.5 MHz of spectrum in each direction. Each allocation, however, is split, and the splits are not the same for the two operators, as shown in the figure. Note that the A' and B' allocations present problems, both for the RF hardware design, and for the allocation of CDMA channels. The B' band, in particular, accommodates two CDMA channels only if they are overlapped slightly, at some small loss of capacity.

PCS (J-STD-008)

PCS is allocated 60 MHz total in each direction, as three 15 MHz bands plus three 5 MHz bands, shown below.
Consecutive frequency assignments are spaced by 50 kHz. Assignments near band edges are conditional, depending on whether the neighboring bands are held by the same operator. Operation near the edges of the service is forbidden in 1.2 MHz guard bands.

In contrast to the cellular service, the standard suggests particular channel numbers as preferred CDMA frequency assignments as follows.

CDMA Preferred Frequency Assignments
Band Preferred Channels
A 25, 50, 75, 100, 125, 150, 175, 200, 225, 250, 275
D 325, 350, 375
B 425, 450, 475, 500, 525, 550, 575, 600, 625, 650, 675
E 725, 750, 775
F 825, 850, 875
C 925, 950, 975, 1000, 1025, 1050, 1075, 1100, 1125, 1150, 1175

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